How High Vaccination Rates Are Protecting Parts of California

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California Today

Counties with above-average levels of vaccination have some of the lowest Covid-19 hospitalization rates.

Soumya Karlamangla

Aug. 24, 2021, 8:52 a.m. ET

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People getting vaccinated at a clinic in Paramount, Calif., this month.
Credit...Etienne Laurent/EPA, via Shutterstock

The Food and Drug Administration granted full approval to the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus vaccine on Monday, paving the way for more employers, schools and other organizations to mandate the shots.

“If you are not vaccinated, let this be the milestone that gets you there,” California’s public health officer, Dr. Tomás Aragón, said after the announcement.

Experts say that the highly contagious Delta variant not only presents an unprecedented threat to those who are not vaccinated, but has also provided ample evidence of the effectiveness of the vaccines.

In California, unvaccinated people are more than six times as likely to contract the coronavirus than those who have their shots, according to state data released on Monday.

And in Los Angeles County, the state’s most populous, an unvaccinated person is as much as 25 times more likely to be hospitalized with the disease.

“That, in a sense, is our proof that vaccines work,” said Dr. Robert Kim-Farley, an infectious-disease expert at the University of California, Los Angeles’s Fielding School of Public Health.

Similar to how states with low vaccination rates have been hard hit by the latest surge of the coronavirus, so have California counties where large swaths of the population remain unvaccinated.

Of the 20 California counties with the highest proportion of residents currently hospitalized with the coronavirus, 19 have a vaccination rate below the statewide average of 55 percent, according to The New York Times’s coronavirus tracker. (The percentages include children under 12 who are not yet eligible for the vaccines.)

Some of the most heavily affected counties in California are Yuba (36 percent vaccinated), San Bernardino and Butte (both 42 percent).

By contrast, the counties with some of the lowest hospitalization rates include Marin (75 percent vaccinated), Santa Clara (71 percent) and Santa Cruz (64 percent).

The proliferation of the Delta variant has revealed a pattern that was less clear when the virus wasn’t circulating as widely, Kim-Farley told me.

“In a situation like this where we’re seeing basically Covid everywhere,” he said, it is easier to see the strong correlation between higher vaccination rates and lower rates of disease.

Still, additional factors may be at play, experts say.

A recent survey by the University of Southern California found that people who were unvaccinated were more likely than the vaccinated to go to a bar or a friend’s house and less likely to wear a mask or avoid large gatherings.

In other words, people who choose not to get vaccinated are also probably less worried about Covid-19 and take fewer safety precautions, contributing to their risk of falling ill, said Kevin Malotte, a professor emeritus of epidemiology at Cal State Long Beach.

“Lack of mask measures, lack of worry about it, lack of vaccination are all kind of the syndrome, and I think that’s what we’re seeing correlate with the high rates,” Malotte told me.

For more:

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Credit...Jose Cruz for Sotheby’s International Realty

California

  • What you get: Check out $800,000 homes in Oakland, Ukiah and the Mojave Desert.

  • Mental health days: Several states have passed bills in the past two years permitting children to be absent from school for mental health reasons, but California has no such law, despite the best efforts of legislators and advocates.

  • Destructive wildfires: An estimated 153,000 acres of forests that are part of California’s carbon-offset project — meant to counterbalance the carbon dioxide pollution being pumped into the atmosphere by human activity — have already burned this summer.

  • Working from home: A silent majority of Americans want to get back to the office, at least for a few days a week, and are growing increasingly glum as the latest coronavirus surge prompts employers to delay the return, The Times’s Kellen Browning reports from San Francisco.

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA

  • Caldor fire: The blaze southwest of Lake Tahoe has burned more than 104,000 acres.

  • Covid-19 surge: Hospitals in the rural counties of Del Norte, Tuolumne, Lake, Humboldt, Nevada and Mendocino are now treating more Covid-19 patients than ever, breaking records set during the winter surge, CalMatters reports.

CENTRAL CALIFORNIA

  • Bakersfield police: Bakersfield has agreed to broad police reforms as part of a settlement with the California attorney general’s office after alleged abuses including the use of excessive force and improper stops, The Associated Press reports.

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

  • Drought fix: San Diego has begun a multibillion-dollar sewage recycling system nicknamed “toilet to tap” in an effort to boost local water independence amid extreme droughts, The San Diego Union-Tribune reports.

  • Vaccine mandate: Compared with New York and San Francisco, Los Angeles is moving much slower to enact a mandate to require people to show proof of vaccination to enter bars and restaurants. Why does L.A. remain in limbo? Capital & Main explores.

  • Cash for shots: Orange County is offering nonprofit organizations $20 for each Covid-19 vaccine dose administered in an effort to get more people vaccinated as the county’s I.C.U. admissions spike, LAist reports.

  • Earthquake: A magnitude-4.0 earthquake shook Brawley in Imperial County on Monday morning, The Los Angeles Times reports.

  • Homeless discrimination lawsuit: A lawsuit filed last year accused San Diego city officials of discriminating against homeless people with disabilities while trying to slow the spread of Covid-19. A judge has dismissed most of the claims, according to The Los Angeles Times.


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Credit...Suzy Allman for The New York Times

Enjoy a creamy and mild eggplant salad made with a quick dressing of yogurt and seasonings.


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Credit...Frankie Frost for The New York Times

Today’s California travel tip comes from Joanne Devereaux, a reader who lives in Oakland. Joanne writes:

On a clear day Mt. Tamalpais is visible to many thousands of people living in the Bay Area. At 2,500 feet of elevation, it can be seen from so many vantage points. You can hike the many trails leading to the top of Mt. Tam. On a foggy summer day, it’s amazing to experience hiking above the fog layers to look down at the iconic Golden Gate Bridge, Angel Island, Alcatraz and, if you are lucky, the Farallon Islands. An intrepid traveler might even stay overnight at the West Point Inn, which allows a respite from a long (but well worth it) hike.

Tell us about the best spots to visit in California. Email your suggestions to CAtoday@nytimes.com. We’ll be sharing more in upcoming editions of the newsletter.


Chaffey College in Rancho Cucamonga has received a nearly $3 million grant to help train students in welding, a growing but overlooked industry, reports LAist.

Officials from Chaffey, a community college, say that the funding will be used to “support students who are the first in their families to go to college, students of color and those from low socioeconomic backgrounds.”


Thanks for reading. I’ll be back tomorrow. — Soumya

P.S. Here’s today’s Mini Crossword, and a clue: “I’m to blame for that,” slangily (3 letters).

Mariel Wamsley contributed to California Today. You can reach the team at CAtoday@nytimes.com.

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